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Exploring climate model data

Climate models

Climate models are numerical models simulating the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice. They discretise and solve the full equations for mass and energy transfer and radiant exchange within the Earth’s climate system. The models also contain parametrisations for processes—such as convection—that occur on scales too small to be resolved directly.

To model all the interactions within the Earth's climate, a global model is used. This covers the whole globe but has limited spatial and temporal resolution. To get more detailed data for a specific area or continent a Regional model is used. The regional model uses boundary conditions from the global model and a more detailed land cover, it produces data with higher spatial resolution.

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The IS-ENES project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration.