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Exploring climate model data

Glossary

Climate4Impact Glossary

Vocabolary for climate4impact site
Click one of the letters above to advance the page to terms beginning with that letter.

A

ADAGUC

ADAGUC - Atmospheric data access for the geospatial user community. Read more on the ADAGUC Website.

C

CMIP5

Coupled Model Intercomparison Project - Phase 5

E

E-OBS

E-OBS is a daily gridded observational dataset for precipitation, temperature and sea level pressure in Europe based on ECA&D information. The full dataset covers the period 1950-01-01 until present. It has originally been developed as part of the ENSEMBLES project (EU-FP6) and is now maintained and elaborated as part of the UERRA project (EU-FP7).

ENES

European Network for Earth System Modeling. The undersigned institutions agree to create a European Network for Earth System Modelling -ENES- with the purpose of working together and cooperating towards the development of a European network for Earth system modelling. These institutions include university departments, research centres, meteorological services, computer centres and industrial partners. Read more on the ENES website.

EPICIC
ENES Portal Interface for the Climate Impact Communities (EPICIC). EPICIC is oriented towards climate change impact modellers, impact and adaptation consultants, as well as other experts using climate change data. In short, climate for impact portal: http://climate4impact.eu/
ESG

Earth System Grid. The Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) is an international collaboration with a current focus on serving the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) and supporting climate and environmental science in general. The ESGF grew out of the larger Global Organization for Earth System Science Portals (GO-ESSP) community, and reflects a broad array of contributions from the collaborating partners

ESGF
The Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) is an international collaboration with a current focus on serving the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) and supporting climate and environmental science in general. The ESGF grew out of the larger Global Organization for Earth System Science Portals (GO-ESSP) community, and reflects a broad array of contributions from the collaborating partners.
ESGF
The Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) Peer-to-Peer (P2P) enterprise system is a collaboration that develops, deploys and maintains software infrastructure for the management, dissemination, and analysis of model output and observational data. ESGF's primary goal is to facilitate advancements in Earth System Science. ESGF website
ESSENCE

Ensemble SimulationS of Extreme weather events under Nonlinear Climate changE is a project that is conducted to explore the changing climate and its variability. A large-member ensemble of runs with a state-of-the-art climate model is performed to investigate the range of possible future climate change. Read more on ESSENCE

I

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The IPCC assesses the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change.

IPCC AR5

Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) will be finalized in 2014.

Compared with previous reports, the AR5 will put greater emphasis on assessing the socio-economic aspects of climate change and implications for sustainable development, risk management and the framing of a response through both adaptation and mitigation. Read more...

IS-ENES
Infrastructure for the European Network of Earth System Modelling IS-ENES2 is the second phase project of the distributed e-infrastructure of models, model data and metadata of the European Network for Earth System Modelling (ENES). This network gathers together the European modelling community working on understanding and predicting climate variability and change. IS-ENES2 combines expertise in climate modelling, computational science, data management and climate impacts. IS-ENES2 supports the ENES portal on which more information on community, services, models, data and computing can be found.

L

Leadtime
(or forecast time) is the time elapsed since the beginning of the forecast. This can be a range of time (e.g. month 2-4). Used in the context of seasonal to decadal prediction.

M

MSG

Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) is a significantly enhanced, follow-on system to the previous generation of Meteosat (MFG). MSG consists of a series of four geostationary meteorological satellites that will operate consecutively. Read more on MSG.

O

OGC

Open Geospatial Consortium - Visit website

OMI

Ozone Monitoring Instrument. Read more on OMI.

OpenDAP

Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol, is a data transport architecture and protocol widely used by earth scientists. The protocol is based on HTTP and the current specification is OPeNDAP 2.0 draft. OPeNDAP includes standards for encapsulating structured data, annotating the data with attributes and adding semantics that describe the data. The protocol is maintained by OPeNDAP.org, a publicly-funded non-profit organization that also provides free reference implementations of OPeNDAP servers and clients. [Source: Wikipedia]

OpenID

OpenID is an open standard that describes how users can be authenicated in a decentralized manner, eliminating the need for services to provide their own ad hoc systems and allowing the users to consolidate their digital identities. [Source: WikiPedia]

P

PCMDI

Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison. PCMDI was established in 1989 at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), located in the San Francisco Bay area, in California.

R

RCP scenarios

The RCP (Representative Concentration Pathways) scenarios is a new set of scenarios defined in terms of radiative forcing.

S

scenarios

Scenarios can be thought of as stories of possible futures. They allow the description of factors that are difficult to quantify. In the context of climate change scenarios are used for the future development of factors such as governance, social structures, future population growth, technical development and agriculture. These descriptions are essential to model the future climate.

single sign-on

Single sign-on (SSO) is a property of access control of multiple related, but independent software systems. With this property a user logs in once and gains access to all systems without being prompted to log in again at each of them. [Source: Wikipedia]

SRES

The SRES scenarios are described in the IPCC Special Report on Emission Scenarios (2000). There are 40 different scenarios, each making different assumptions for future greenhouse gas pollution, land-use and other driving forces. Assumptions about future technological development as well as the future economic development are thus made for each scenario. These emissions scenarios are organized into families, A1, A2, B1, B2, which contain scenarios that are similar to each other in some respects.

T

THREDDS

A THREDDS catalog is a way to describe an inventory of available datasets. These catalogs provide a simple hierarchical structure for organizing a collection of datasets, a means of accessing each dataset, a human understandable name for each dataset, and a structure on which further descriptive information can be placed. More info about THREDDS catalogs...

W

WMS

Web Mapping Service

WPS

OGC Web Processing Service

 

The IS-ENES project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration.

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