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Exploring climate model data

Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture is the basis for our food supply and, with forestry, increasingly also for other commodities for a biobased economy. Cereals and potatoes provide our staple food, vegetables and fruits provide fibers and vitamins, feed crops provide (supplementary) animal nutrition for cattle and poultry which in turn provide animal proteins in human diets. First generation biofuels are produced from maize, sugar and oil crops, though more modern biofuels increasingly use crop residues. Forest products are used for construction, paper and energy supply. Though heavily influenced by socioeconomic drivers (e.g. the European Common Agricultural Policy) agricultural productivity is still susceptible to weather extremes and climate trends.

Climate Change Trends

Climate change is projected to lead to significant changes in precipitation and temperature patterns across Europe. The general picture is that winter precipitation amounts will increase in Northern Europe and summer precipitation amounts will decrease in Southern Europe. As a result of higher temperatures the growing season will probably lengthen and progressively so towards Northern Europe. The likelihood of extreme precipitation events and heat waves events will increase throughout Europe, while winter cold extremes will occur less frequently. As a result the meteorological suitability for many crops will change in their present production centres.

Impacts, Adaptation, Vulnerabilities

These climate trends may affect agricultural systems in a number of ways. Changes in temperature may lead to changing growing season lengths with implications for cropping calendars. E.g. high spring/summer temperature may lead to too early seed maturation leading to reduced yields. Summer droughts may further negatively impact yields (like e.g. the 2003 European heat wave). Early germination may increase the risks of frost damage. More frequent extreme precipitation may also lead to damaged crops. High temperatures especially when combined with high humidity may increase the risk of pests. Changing weather patterns (e.g. temperature, and rain) call for new agricultural techniques and practices adjusted to changes in local climatic conditions. However, in some areas, climate change will bring new opportunities. Climate change will alter the suitability of regions for certain forest types and affect forest composition.

Typical Workflow

For generic workflow information see that section. Specific information on workflows for this domain will follow soon. See also the Use Cases below.

Use Cases

The following elaborated use cases are available as an example:




The ENES3 project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824084.