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Exploring climate model data

Marine and Coastal Areas

Marine and Coastal Areas

Coastal areas are one of the most vulnerable areas due to climate change, notably through sea level rise and coastal erosion. The marine environment is also quite vulnerable, especially regarding their ecosystems and the increased CO2 which induces ocean acidification, but they are also vulnerable because of the temperature rise.

Climate Change Trends

In Europe, temperatures rises are to be expected (see figure for 2050). All Global Models agree on this outcome (temperature increase), with an uncertainty margin.

Temperature Changes in Europe

Impacts, Adaptation, Vulnerabilities

With the global warming of the Earth, the sea level will rise for centuries to come, which will result in more flooding, coastal erosion, storm surges and the likelihood of landward intrusion of saltwater, and endangers coastal ecosystems and wetlands. Expected rises in water temperatures will contribute to a restructuring of marine ecosystems with implications for fisheries. Ocean acidification as a consequence of increased CO2 in the atmosphere can have very serious impacts on marine organisms and ecosystems.

Typical Workflow

For generic workflow information see that section. Specific information on workflows for this domain will follow soon. See also the Use Cases below.

Use Cases

Here are some selected IS-ENES National Use Cases regarding Marine and Coastal areas:




The ENES3 project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824084.