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Exploring climate model data



Tourism is a multi-billion euro industry that is highly dependent on climate resources. Climate change may provoke shifts in tourist flows, with large economic implications.

Climate Change Trends

Throughout Europe, temperatures will increase significantly, with an average of more than 2 oC by 2050. Precipitation will increase on average in the north, and decrease in the south, especially around the Mediterranean coast. Given the temperature increase, there will be a reduction of snow precipitation and snow cover all throughout Europe.

Snow Alps
Mean length in days of the snow cover in the Alps, at 1500 meters. Left: current. Right: with 1.8 oC increase. Source SEATM (2004)

Impacts, Adaptation, Vulnerabilities

The assessment shows that climate change is projected to have significant impacts on the physical resources supporting tourism in Europe. In the mountainous regions, snow reliability is very likely to decrease further, putting ski resorts at lower altitudes at risk. In summer, southern Europe will experience climatic conditions that are less favourable to tourism than the current climate. At the same time, countries in the North, which are the countries of origin of many of the current visitors of the Mediterranean, will enjoy better conditions in summer, as well as a longer season with good weather. In particular in southern Europe, the worsening situation resulting from deteriorating thermal conditions is further aggravated by increasing water shortages. Peak demand from tourism coincides with peak demand from agriculture, residential areas, the energy sector and nature. It also coincides with the summer dip in water supply, which will very likely be deepened by climate change.

From the PESETA report (see references below).

Typical Workflow

For generic workflow information see that section. Specific information on workflows for this domain will follow soon. See also the Use Cases below.

Use Cases

Here are some selected IS-ENES National Use Cases regarding Tourism:

  • France: Scenarios for the evaluation of impacts and adaptation to climate change in France. Read more on this use case.
  • More to come soon




The ENES3 project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824084.